SECTION 8. (1) There is hereby created an independent office called the Commission on Human Rights. ARTICLE II : Declaration of Principles and State Policies PRINCIPLES Section 1. SECTION 3. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building. In no case shall any Member be appointed or designated in a temporary or acting capacity. SECTION 9. Any amendment to, or revision of, this Constitution under Section 1 hereof shall be valid when ratified by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite which shall be held not earlier than sixty days nor later than ninety days after the approval of such amendment or revision. Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election. The State shall establish and maintain an effective food and drug regulatory system and undertake appropriate health manpower development and research, responsive to the country’s health needs and problems. The State shall promote the principle of shared responsibility between workers and employers and the preferential use of voluntary modes in settling disputes, including conciliation, and shall enforce their mutual compliance therewith to foster industrial peace. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy. The State shall strengthen the family as a basic social institution. The Constitution of the Philippines (Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in Filipino) is the supreme law of the Philippines. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 7 of this Article, a natural-born citizen of the Philippines who has lost his Philippine citizenship may be a transferee of private lands, subject to limitations provided by law. The Monetary Board shall, within thirty days from the end of every quarter of the calendar year, submit to the Congress a complete report of its decisions on applications for loans to be contracted or guaranteed by the Government or government-owned and controlled corporations which would have the effect of increasing the foreign debt, and containing other matters as may be provided by law. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sorry. (1) The Congress may not increase the appropriations recommended by the President for the operation of the Government as specified in the budget. SECTION 3. SECTION 22. (1) There shall be a Commission on Elections composed of a Chairman and six Commissioners who shall be natural-born citizens of the Philippines and, at the time of their appointment, at least thirty-five years of age, holders of a college degree, and must not have been candidates for any elective position in the immediately preceding elections. DIY Brick Rocket Stove - Cooking Without Electrical Power - Duration: 23:40. All powers, functions, and responsibilities not granted by this Constitution or by law to the autonomous regions shall be vested in the National Government. The meaning of Article 2 Section 10 of Philippine Constitution is based on the autonomy of local governments. (2) No torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, or any other means which vitiate the free will shall be used against him. SECTION 14. 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